The CEMAC region?
CEMAC comprises 6 states: Chad, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, with 50M inhabitants, spread over a surface of 3M km².
Established to promote economic integration among them, these 6 countries share a common currency, the CFA franc.
Its objectives: to promote trade, institute a true common market, and greater solidarity among peoples and towards under-privileged countries and regions.
CEMAC countries share a common financial, regulatory, and legal structure, and maintain a common external tariff on imports from non-CEMAC countries.
Today, the need in protein (meat + fish) in the CEMAC region is estimated at 1.9M tones while the production only reaches 0,8M tones. The deficit is 1,1M tones. To provide sufficient protein the production market must grow.
Projections indicate that if the situation of the livestock sector (low levels in public and private investment and low growth) remains in its current state, growing demand will not be accompanied by an increased production, which will lead to a significant deficit in supply of high quality animal protein and will therefore have negative impacts on the food and nutritional security of millions of households in Africa.
3 Field Programs
To increase the abundance of foodstuffs and combat existing deficits, it is necessary not only to professionalize the market, to strengthen trade between member countries, but also to diversify the existing food basket. CEMAC has several executing agencies to take action in the field. The CEBEVIRHA (Economic Commission for Livestock, Meat and Fish Resources) is one of them. The latter's mission is to contribute to sustainable development, the harmonization of the livestock sectors, animal industries, fisheries and aquaculture.
The CEBEVIRHA has structured a strategic plan for HORIZON 2025 around 3 programs (spread over 11 projects):
2 - Promotion of inland fisheries and aquaculture in CEMAC zone
As part of program 3 -Food SECURITY / (6,21 M EUR)
3 - Support for animal and aquaculture value chains in CEMAC zone
As part of program 3 - Food SECURITY / (13,72 M EUR)
4 - Support for the creation of a pilot marine aquaculture center
As part of the program 3 - Food SECURITY / (13,7 M EUR)
5 - Development of Fisheries in PALE and in the Annobon Island
As part of program 3 -Food SECURITY / (12,2 M EUR)
6 - Development of infrastructure, production equipment and commercialization
As part of program 2 - Socio-economic improvement / (79,22 M EUR)
7 - Combating poaching and illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing practices
As part of program 1 - animal health / (13,72 M EUR)
8 - Fight against zoonosis and other diseases of terrestrial and aquatic animals in CEMAC zone
As part of program 1 - animal health / (53,35 M EUR)
9 - Promotion of forage crops and feed production units for production animals and aquaculture farms in CEMAC zone
As part of program 3 - Food SECURITY / (7,62 M EUR)
10 - Reducing the vulnerability of fishing communities
As part of program 2 - Socio-economic improvement / (4,75 M EUR)
11 - Improving the resilience of pastoralists, fishermen and fish farmers to climate change
As part of program 2 - Socio-economic improvement / (7,62 M EUR)
CEBEVIRHA programmes will have huge impact on the population, in the following aspects:
Fight against desertification
Human and animal health
Population migration and social inclusion of migrants
Impacts for each of the 11 projects are presented in the project sheets (annex)